How to take care of your dog’s teeth effectively?

Methods of taking care of your dog’s teeth at home

As can be seen in many pet clinics today, an increasing number of pets have signals of dental diseases such as bad breath, tooth decay, drooling, etc. It shows that dental care for pets has not been paid sufficient attention to, although it is very important for overall health of dogs.

According to a recent survey, many dogs get gum disease when they are 3-4 years old and the main reason is that they are not offered proper oral care. Be a dog lover, do you know how to take care of your dog’s teeth?

In many cases, pathogens in a pet’s mouth can move and spread to other body’s parts  causing extremely dangerous pathological changes. For example, the pathogen spreads to the heart (then resulting in endocarditis) – a very serious cause of death.

Taking care of your dog’s teeth plays a crucial role in dog care. A healthy teeth status will make your dog healthier and more comfortable, and by that way he can live with you longer. In addition to methods to maintain healthy teeth such as good diet, using dog-toys, daily tooth-brushing seems to bring the most obvious effect. It helps to keep the mouth clean, minimizing the development of pathogens, thereby limiting dental problems such as caries, gingivitis. 

Some methods to detect dog-teeth’s problems:

– Check the breath: if your dog has a bad breath and phenomena like anorexia, drinking too much water or urinating many times a day, it seems that his teeth are abnormal and what you should do is taking your dog to the vet immediately.

– Check the dog’s mouth: You should check his mouth every week by pulling the lip rim to see teeth and gums carefully. The teeth must be clean and not yellowish and the gum must be light pink (not white or red). You also need to look carefully to make sure that his gum is not swollen anywhere, his jaws are not swollen, and no lumps on his tongue, etc.

– Signals when your dog gets gum disease (periodontal): Bad breath, excessive drooling, gingivitis, swollen teeth, cysts under the tongue, loose teeth, tooth loss, toothache while eating or eating reluctantly.


Dental diseases

Dental diseases cause not only bad breath but also pain and contribute to spreading germs to other organs such as heart and kidneys, thereby causing more dangerous medical problems.

According to a survey, 80% of over-3-years-old dogs suffer from several different types of dental diseases.

Therefore, understanding common dental diseases which may harm dogs will help us easily identify whether the disease is severe or mild, whether or not our dog needs being examined by a veterinarian. Taking care of your dog’s teeth needs being taken into serious consideration to keep your pet stay healthy.


Here are some common diseases related to dental that dogs may get:

– Periodontal disease (gum disease): your dog will have pain in the middle of teeth and gums. If becoming a severe problem, it will cause tooth loss and affect other parts of the body.

Identification signals: loose teeth, bad breath, toothache, sneezing and sniffle.

– Gingivitis: This is a condition in which the gums become inflamed due to plaque forming on the tartar, enabling bacteria to grow up around his gums.

Identification signs: bleeding, red gums, gingival swelling and bad breath. In order to reduce gingivitis very simply, you need to clean your dog’s teeth more often.

– Swollen gums: Your dog has a swollen gums due to food stuck between teeth and accumulated tartar for a long time. In addition to regularly brushing dog’s teeth, you also need to take him to the dentist yearly to clean his teeth (scaling) at veterinary dental clinics, which will prevent tartar and gum disease.


– Mutant growth gum disease is a case that gums are over-developed then covering the whole teeth. This case requires urgent treatment to avoid gum infection. This is a common issue for hunting dogs, and is often treated by antibiotics.

– Halitosis (bad breath) is a signal to identify dental diseases. The main cause of bad breath is bacteria growing from uneaten food stuck between teeth, or gum infections. The best solution to prevent bad breath for your dog is brushing his teeth regularly to remove plaque and bacteria in mouth.

– Oral tumors: This often looks like lumps in gums. Some malignant tumors need surgery to remove the tumor.

– Fang canines: when your dog feels terrible toothache, it may be worn and decayed. In the case of severe tooth decay, you should take him to the vet for tooth extraction.


Overall methods of oral care for pets

Here are some suggestions on how to take care of your dog’s teeth that you can refer:

– Chewing bones or toys: You need to buy a few chewing toys to help your puppy satisfy his gnawing and biting instincts and also help to keep his teeth strong. Gnawing a toy can also help to massage gums, remove plaque, clean the teeth, as well as help your furry friend reduce stress and prevent him from boredom.

Note: Shouldn’t use toys made from raw skins, nylon or rubber.

– Suitable diet for healthy teeth: Normally, homemade foods are good for the digestive system as well as very nutritious, but many “soft” foods often create plaque, which make a chance for dangerous pathogens to grow up.

Therefore, it is necessary to adjust an appropriate balanced diet which can ensure nutrition for the body, good for the digestive system and dog’s teeth. For instance, dry grain foods help to reduce plaque and slow down the formation of tartar.

– Brushing his teeth regularly every day is also an effective solution. Below is a method for dog brushing that you can refer.

Brushing your dog’s teeth:

Preparing equipments:

– Brush: 1 long brush and 1 finger brush. Depending on whether the dog is large or small, choose a suitable size for dog’s mouth.

– Toothpaste: choose the right cream for each dog. Kindly note not to use fluoride toothpaste for small dogs (under 6 months) because it will damage the formation and development of tooth enamel. Be careful that do not to use human toothpaste as this can irritate your dog’s stomach.

– Dog mouthwash is also available in the market, you can consult your veterinarian’s advice to choose the type that suits your pet.

– Prepare a fake bone for your puppy to play before proceeding with brushing as this task can make your dog tired or even uncomfortable then he may not cooperate well to us during process.

Preparing steps to make the brushing process easier:

  • First, you need to remind your dog that dental care is essential, so they need to be obedient while you help them brush their teeth. You should spend a few weeks in advance doing massage your puppy’s lips and around its mouth area so that he gets used to your hand touching the muzzle, then transfer to the teeth and gums. During this early period, you only need to use your bare hands to massage, not use any support equipment at all.


  • As your dog gets used to touching his mouth day by day, you can apply a small amount of dog toothpaste or baking soda to his mouth, so they can taste it for a while.
  • Next, introduce a toothbrush to your dog. A dog brush is usually smaller than the user’s brush type, and the hair is softer.

There are also small ones that may put on your fingers and they can also be used to massage your dog’s gums.

  • Finally, put toothpaste on the long brush and brush your dog’s teeth.
  • Regular dental checkups can enable you to monitor whether your dog has gingivitis or not. In the case of mild gingivitis, do not brush your teeth too hard as it will hurt your beloved friend. 

Taking care of your dog’s teeth will be easy and simple if you keep patient with lovely buddies.

Brushing method

Place a toothbrush (or a cloth-brush) at a 45-degree angle and brush teeth in a circular motion. Lift your puppy’s lips if necessary, and brush his teeth one by one. The inner teeth which are near cheeks are the place of lots of tartar, so you need to pay close attention to this area. When your dog refuses to let you brush the inside of his mouth, you don’t need to try too much, because the tartar accumulates little in the inner part. It is suggested to regularly brush your dog’s teeth about 2 or 3 times a week.

It can be said that a clean white teeth contributes significantly to improve the general health status of a dog. Techniques of dog grooming will help you know to how to take care of your dog’s teeth better and then make him healthier and happier. 

For more information about dog care, please have a look on